A second wave of covid-19 sends much of Europe back into lockdown
For a few months this summer it was almost possible for Europeans to believe that life had returned to normal. Parisian museums and Barcelona’s cafés were open, if less crowded.
In August and September, covid-19 infections began to rise. Yet governments, worried about a backlash, chose not to reintroduce harsh social-distancing measures.
到了 8、9 月份，新冠肺炎的确诊病例数量开始上升。然而，由于担心遭到民众的强烈反对，（欧洲）各国政府当时选择不再采取保持社交距离的严厉措施。
Their decision has had a price. A second wave of covid-19 is now washing over Europe. In many countries the daily numbers of confirmed cases exceed their spring peaks, though this is mostly because there is a lot more testing; death rates are substantially lower.
Most countries failed to use the summer to build robust testing and tracing operations. Now they are falling back on blunt measures: shutting restaurants and introducing quarantines and curfews.
Spain is among the hardest-hit countries. Madrid is under a 15-day state of emergency that bars non-essential movement in or out of the city.
西班牙是疫情最严重的国家之一。马德里目前处于为期 15 天的紧急状态之中，禁止所有出入该城市的非必要活动。
One step the EU took this month was to settle on a Europe-wide map of regional epidemic severity, after a disagreement over the colours. Almost every province in Europe shows up red (a high rate of the virus).
Germany remains Europe’s star performer, though there are difficulties. Germany has the continent’s best track-and-trace systems, but in parts of Berlin there are now too many cases to follow.
Angela Merkel, the chancellor, fears that going too slowly now could force more drastic restrictions later. That would erode the civic will needed to fight the virus.
Where Europeans once embraced that battle with a spirit of shared sacrifice, many now grumble that their governments are blowing it.